Main tendencies of vulnerable road user's injuries


Type de document
Résumé / Abstract
This presentation concerns the study of the injury profile of vulnerable road users, e g pedestrians and two-wheelers, and its progression by the time, in terms of frequency, nature and seriousness in comparison with injured car occupants. A prospective study on road traffic accidents was conducted on two steps. Two exhaustive investigations have been carried out, at ten years interval, under the same conditions, with the same emergency service and in the same area of Nîmes and its outskirts, a South of France middle town. In each case, data have been collected prospectively on all road accident victims over a 2-year period. Our result pin point the main changes in the lesion profile of each road user group, in terms of frequency, nature and severity. Several factors contributed to this evolution: At first, a bias of selection was observed due to changes in the way in which emergency service intervenes during road accidents and in its service area. Less exhaustive data concerning light injuries was recorded during the second survey increases artificially its accident rate severity. The ageing of the population and the growth of the motorization on the one hand, then again the disaffection to light motorcycles contribute to changes in the distribution of the injured per user type, sex and age group. Motor vehicle users seem to be the main objects of road Safety measures taken during this decade. So, our findings showed a decreasing trend in the severity of the injuries for motor vehicle users, and to some extent an improved safety for pedestrians, it remains the unchanged situation of cyclists and motorcyclists.

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