Child restraint systems. Psychological related to the use of rearward facing child seats
Type de document
RAPPORT DE RECHERCHE
Résumé / Abstract
The present report deals with the psychological problems related to the use of child seats. It consists of the following three studies: (1) A general survey of the use of child seats, by means of a questionnaire distributed to 115 parents with children in day nurseries in Stockholm. (2) Interviews with 60 of the above parents for the purpose of assessing the differences in using rearward-facing seats, forward-facing seats and having no form of restraint system used when transporting children in cars. (3) A study of the effects of rearward-facing seats on the attitudes of parents who had not experienced using these seats before. The results from all three studies showed that the problems parents encountered when using rearward-facing child seats were not greater than those experienced when using forward-facing child seats or when not using seats at all. Nearly all the parents preferred the rearward-facing seats when given the opportunity to try them, even when their safety advantages were not taken into consideration. This preference, the fact that the present use of rearward-facing child seats seems satisfactory for both the adults and the children who are using them, and the irrefutable results from collision tests conducted at the National Swedish Road and Traffic Research Institute all strongly encourage the use of rearward-facing child seats.