Road safety audits
Type de document
COMMUNICATION AVEC ACTES INTERNATIONAL (ACTI)
Résumé / Abstract
Road design, as carried out by road engineers, responds to some form of logics, ingrained in the 'road standards' adopted by each country or road authority. The logics, however have evolved in time, both through increased knowledge of the effects of road features on mobility, traffic flows and safety, and through changes in attitudes towards organization of road traffic and use of transport modes. As a consequence, road standards have evolved to take into account some safety issues among other constraints related to mobility and economics. Road safety audits have been developed to ensure, first that new road-related projects comply with safety requirements, and second to examine existing roads in order to detect defects likely to generate accidents or injuries and improve the logics of their design. The paper describes both the principle and organization of safety audits and the technical content.