A short history of physical speed reduction measures in European urban areas
Type de document
COMMUNICATION AVEC ACTES INTERNATIONAL (ACTI)
Résumé / Abstract
The need to lower vehicle speeds for safety reasons, particularly in urban areas where 'vulnerable' users form a major part of traffic is not easily accepted, either by drivers or by the decision-makers influenced by them. In Europe, 'traffic calming' is gradually becoming a regular part of urban traffic management, but this comes after a long evolution of opinions and attitudes towards car use and vulnerable road users. The evolution was faster in some countries, more progressive in others, but followed the same trend everywhere. It is therefore of interest to examine the history of speed management in urban cities.